Tag Archives: social contract

Primitive DNA in the Young Male Brain Part II

Gus and WallyBy Dr David Laing Dawson

Those disparate thoughts and memories floated through my mind (Part I) after watching a disturbing documentary about ISIS/ISIL/IS and especially the sequence of young boys, coached by older boys, waving their rifles at the camera and shouting their slogans of death.

And then another disparate memory arrived. In my youth I was a fan of science fiction, but I have always been puzzled by this: When science fiction writers need to describe and explain or create a system of governance for a far off planet in another galaxy (or on earth) in the distant future, either as background for the warp speed adventure or as an integral part of the story, they create kingdoms, oligarchies, dictators with near magical powers, serfdoms, master/slave relationships, warring tribes, and people who have achieved technological wonders and then returned to till the land in small communes, where everybody dresses in white, speaks Olde English, and worships at sunrise.

Even King Farouk of Egypt was more optimistic than our science fiction writers when he said something like, “Soon there will be only five kings in this world: the king of hearts, spades, clubs, diamonds and the king of England.”

I get it. Liberal, inclusive democracies are boring. Peter MacKay has stepped down. He is leaving the caucus, retiring from politics. We will work hard to find some palace intrigue behind this move, but, if there is any, it will be vague, arcane, unsubstantiated, and unexciting. I am glad I live in this country.

But there is something here to consider. An advanced form of governance, a liberal democracy with an independent judiciary is the product of social evolution. It is not the product of biological evolution, though it is our ability to use language, to empathize, to engage in abstract thought that has made it possible. But it is not biologically natural. If it were, then our teenagers would be watching the parliamentary debates rather than Game of Thrones. And as soon as they were allowed they would be voting in all elections.

So, let’s face it, our inclusive liberal democracy, precious as it may be, continuing to evolve and, we hope, improve, is an overlay – an overlay on top of some pretty primitive impulses, some ancient DNA.

And what do these thoughts mean, if anything? I think this: If we happen to survive global warming, if those primitive impulses don’t trigger a nuclear war, and if the sun waits a billion years or so before exploding, we need to acknowledge this commonality, this biological reality. We are not made in God’s likeness; we are not born without a program; we are not inherently good; we are, to quote Star Trek, “ugly bags of mostly water”; and the DNA that served us well as Homo Habilis and Homo Erectus, remains within us sleeping under a thin layer of civilized instruction.

If you don’t believe this, just think of the astonishing stupidity of shouting FHRITP on camera.

So apart from all the other things we need to do to make this planet a better place, we need to accept the reality of being partially evolved biological entities with limited life spans, discard all old and new age religions that bestow some form of divinity upon us, and educate, educate, educate.

And the next time I interview an 18 year-old, I would like to find that he or she has at least a rudimentary understanding of the evolutionary history, the importance, and the fragility of our democracies and our inclusive social contract.

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